The department said Rite Aid pharmacists either “ignored these red flags” or made no or too little effort to investigate. Rite Aid management, for its part, turned a blind eye and at times reprimanded employees who raised concerns, in an apparent violation of federal laws, it said.
“The Justice Department is using every tool at our disposal to confront the opioid epidemic that is killing Americans and shattering communities across the country,” Attorney General Merrick Garland said Monday in a statement.
Rite Aid did not immediately respond to a request for comment early Tuesday. Rite Aid is one of the largest pharmacy chains in the United States, with over 2,300 stores and 6,300 pharmacists in 17 states.
The government’s complaint says Rite Aid pharmacists repeatedly filled prescriptions for a trifecta of opioids, benzodiazepines and muscle relaxants (known as “trinities”) and refilled opioid prescriptions early, even though patients’ supplies should not yet have run out. They also filled prescriptions for suspiciously high doses or excessive quantities of opioids, as well as prescriptions from clinicians who had already been flagged as “writing illegitimate prescriptions.”
The government alleged that “at least hundreds of thousands” of prescriptions that “did not meet legal requirements” were filled, in an apparent violation of the Controlled Substances Act. As prescriptions were filled, Rite Aid submitted “false or fraudulent claims” for reimbursement to federal health-care programs like Medicare and Medicaid — a violation of the False Claims Act, according to the complaint.
When Rite Aid employees flagged concerns internally, these were often dismissed. According to the complaint, the group’s government affairs department directed another Rite Aid department to delete warnings left by employees in Rite Aid’s dispensing software that could indicate problems. This included notes like “writing excessive dose[s] for oxycodone” and “DO NOT FILL CONTROLS.”
In 2015, an analyst in Rite Aid’s government affairs department reprimanded a pharmacist after the pharmacist left a note on a prescriber profile that read, “this may be a cash only pill mill??? verify and notate.” The analyst said the note would be removed and advised the pharmacist to “remember to always be very cautious of what is put in writing.”
These actions “opened the floodgates for millions of opioid pills and other controlled substances to flow illegally out of Rite Aid’s stores,” Associate Attorney General Vanita Gupta said.
The Justice Department joined a whistleblower lawsuit in the Northern District of Ohio that was originally filed in 2019 by two Rite Aid employees who worked in pharmacies in North Carolina and West Virginia.
Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Brian M. Boynton said the lawsuit is a “reminder that the Justice Department will hold accountable any individuals or entities, including pharmacies, that fueled this terrible crisis.”
Last year, CVS Health and Walgreens, two of the nation’s largest retail pharmacies, agreed to pay about $10 billion to states, cities and Native American tribes over 10 to 15 years to settle all opioid lawsuits against them. As part of the settlement agreement, the companies did not admit wrongdoing.
There were over 106,000 drug overdose deaths in the United States in 2021.
Rachel Lerman and Meryl Kornfield contributed to this report.